Dating and marriage in middle ages

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Actually, the institution has been in a process of constant evolution.Pair-bonding began in the Stone Age as a way of organizing and controlling sexual conduct and providing a stable structure for child-rearing and the tasks of daily life.But when the empire collapsed, in the 5th century, church courts took over and elevated marriage to a holy union.As the church's power grew through the Middle Ages, so did its influence over marriage."But that was gravy." In fact, love and marriage were once widely regarded as incompatible with one another.A Roman politician was expelled from the Senate in the 2nd century B. for kissing his wife in public — behavior the essayist Plutarch condemned as "disgraceful." In the 12th and 13th centuries, the European aristocracy viewed extramarital affairs as the highest form of romance, untainted by the gritty realities of daily life.

The first recorded evidence of marriage contracts and ceremonies dates to 4,000 years ago, in Mesopotamia.

Apart from the couples' gender, these events were almost indistinguishable from other marriages of the era.

Twelfth-century liturgies for same-sex unions — also known as "spiritual brotherhoods" — included the recital of marriage prayers, the joining of hands at the altar, and a ceremonial kiss.

If they were unhappy with each other, they could divorce — and nearly half of all couples did.

Marriage had become primarily a personal contract between two equals seeking love, stability, and happiness.

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