Describe the process of radiocarbon dating
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After it forms, carbon-14 naturally decomposes, with a half-life of 5,730 years, through beta-particle decay.
For the record, a beta-particle is a specific type of nuclear decay. Image 1 shows carbon-14 production by high energy neutrons hitting nitrogen-14 atoms, while in Image 2, carbon-14 naturally decomposes through beta-particle production.
The approximate time since the organism died can be worked out by measuring the amount of carbon-14 left in its remains compared to the amount in living organisms.
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There is a small amount of radioactive carbon-14 in all living organisms because it enters the food chain.The carbon-14 method was developed by the American physicist Willard F. It has proved to be a versatile technique of dating fossils and archaeological specimens from 500 to 50,000 years old.The method is widely used by Pleistocene geologists, anthropologists, archaeologists, and investigators in related fields.Each radioactive isotope decays by a fixed amount, and this amount is called the half-life.The half-life is the time required for half of the original sample of radioactive nuclei to decay.